Singular Plural Noun 1

How to use Singular and Plural Nouns

Nouns can be singular or plural. When you are talking about one person, animal, place, or thing, use a singular noun.

Example : 

a glass

a cup

a book

an orange

a pencil case

an air balloon

Use a or an before singular nouns.

Use an before words beginning with vowels (a, i, u, e, o).

Example : 

an apple

an eagle

an umbrella

an igloo

an apricot

an eraser

But some words don’t follow this rule. For example, use a (not an) before these words that begin with u:

Example : 

uniform

a university

Use a before words beginning with the other letters of the alphabet, called consonants.

Example : 

a basket

a spoon

a hill

a rainbow

a watch

a zoo

But some words don’t follow this rule. For example, use an (not a) before these words that begin with h :

Example : 

an heir

an honor

an hour

When you are talking about two or more people, animals, places, or things, use plural nouns.
Most nouns are made plural by adding -s at the end. When the last letters of singular
nouns are ch, sh, s, ss or x, you usually add -es to form the plural.

Example : watches, branches, dresses, foxes

Nouns like these are made plural by changing y to i, and adding -es. See example below

Example ; butterflies, flies, stories, strawberries

What if there is a vowel before the y? In that case, add -s to form the plural.

Example : monkeys, turkeys, toys, donkeys

Source : Basic English Grammar, for English Language Learner by Anne Seaton & Y.H. Mew

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